How to Make Compost at Home for Gardening?

Composting is a simple and effective way to reduce waste and nourish your garden simultaneously. Are you an avid gardener and know How to Make Compost at Home for Gardening? Making compost at home can save you time and money while improving the health of your plants. But if you’re new to composting, it may seem like a daunting process that’s better left to the experts.

Making compost at home is easier than you might think. With just a few basic materials and patience, anyone can create nutrient-rich soil to help plants thrive. In this article, we’ll show you how to make compost at home so you can start creating healthy soil for your garden today!

What is Composting?

Composting breaks down organic matter, such as food scraps and yard waste, into a nutrient-rich soil amendment. By composting, we can reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills and instead create a valuable resource for our gardens and landscapes. Composting is easy to do at home and requires little effort or expense.

How to Make Compost at Home for Gardening?

The basic elements needed for composting are air, water, nitrogen-rich materials (like green plant material), carbon-rich materials (like dead leaves), and microorganisms that break down the organic matter. Composting can be done in various ways- from simple piles in your backyard to more complex systems like tumblers or worm bins. The result is a dark, crumbly material that enriches the soil with nutrients and improves its texture.

Why Compost?

One of the main reasons people choose to compost is to reduce their environmental impact. Organic waste produces methane gas, a potent greenhouse gas contributing to climate change.

Composting prevents this waste from decomposing in disposal areas and becomes a useful resource for gardeners and farmers.

What to Compost?

There are various waste products that you can add to your natural compost bin. You can add the following items to your compost.

  • Teabags
  • Aquarium plants
  • Paper napkins and towels
  • Popcorn that has not been popped or roasted
  • Cardboard and paper plates (small, uncoated pieces)
  • Toothpicks and wooden chopsticks
  • Vegetables and fruits
  • Eggshells
  • Coffee grounds and coffee filters
  • Cotton and wool rugs
  • Nutshells
  • Shredded newspaper
  • Cardboard
  • Paper
  • Hair and fur
  • Ashes for fireplaces
  • Yard trimmings
  • Spices and herbs
  • Clippings of grass
  • Houseplants
  • Hay and straw
  • Leaves
  • Sawdust
  • Wood chips

What Not to Compost? 

Composting is an eco-friendly way of dealing with organic waste in our homes. Not all materials are suitable for composting as they may harm the environment or compromise the quality of the finished product.

Meat and dairy products should never be included in a compost pile as they attract pests like rats, flies, and maggots. These items take longer to break down, which can cause unpleasant odors and increase the risk of disease-causing bacteria in your compost heap. Oils and fats should be kept out of your compost pile as they do not decompose well and make it difficult for air to circulate.

Benefits of Composting

  • Landfills quickly fill up with non-chemical waste materials that could otherwise be used to create healthy soil through composting.
  • By diverting these materials from the garbage dump, we can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which are released during the decomposition process.
  • Compost enriches soil health and promotes plant growth. Compost is packed with essential nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium that plants need to thrive.
  • Compost improves soil structure by increasing water retention and decreasing erosion when added to garden beds or container plants.

Types of Composting

There are many ways to make compost piles. We have listed some of the most popular methods.

Backyard Composting

Backyard composting benefits are numerous and can significantly impact the environment. Composting in your lawn can reduce waste, improve soil quality, save money on fertilizers, and decrease your carbon footprint.

Backyard composting reduces waste sent to landfills. Organic matter makes up about 30% of landfill waste in the United States, creating methane – a potent greenhouse gas. Instead of adding to this problem by throwing away your food scraps and yard trimmings, you can turn them into valuable compost for your garden or lawn. This process reduces landfill waste and provides an alternative to chemical fertilizers that can harm the environment.

Indoor Composting

Indoor composting is a simple and efficient way to reduce household waste, improve soil quality, and promote sustainable living.

Chemical-free materials such as food scraps comprise about 30% of landfill space in the United States. By composting these materials instead of throwing them away, you are helping to reduce methane emissions from landfills which are harmful to the environment. In addition, indoor composting allows you to produce high-quality fertilizer without purchasing expensive synthetic products.

Indoor composting improves soil quality by increasing its nutrient content and water-holding capacity.

How to Make Compost at Home With Kitchen Waste?  (Step-by-Step Guide)

Making compost at home is an excellent way to reduce kitchen waste and provide a natural fertilizer for your garden.

To create healthy soil, the ratio of carbon-rich “brown” materials such as dried leaves and cardboard should equal nitrogen-rich “green” materials like coffee filters and vegetable scraps.

  1. Combine Brown and Green Materials

Combining brown and green materials can create high-quality compost that nourishes your plants while reducing landfill waste.

Brown materials include dead leaves, twigs or branches, shredded newspaper or cardboard, sawdust from untreated wood, and eggshells. Green materials are typically fresh organic matter such as fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, grass clippings, or fresh-cut flowers. Creating the perfect compost pile at home with kitchen waste requires balancing brown and green materials. A good rule of thumb is to aim for a ratio of 2 parts brown material to 1 part green material in your compost.

  1. Water Your Compost Pile

For successful composting at home, keeping your pile moist is crucial.

A dry heap will not decompose as efficiently as a wet one. It’s best to water your compost in layers as you add new materials. This method ensures that each layer gets enough moisture without making the whole pile too soggy.

  1. Stir Your Compost Pile

Stirring your cumulation also helps to distribute moisture evenly throughout the mixture, which is crucial for maintaining healthy microbial activity. Microorganisms like bacteria and fungi are responsible for breaking down
biological matter into nutrient-rich humus that plants love. When they have enough air, water, and food (in the form of carbon- and nitrogen-rich materials), these tiny creatures can work faster to produce high-quality compost.

  1. Compost is Ready To Feed Your Garden

You don’t need fancy equipment or a large garden for How to Make Compost at Home for Gardening. You can use anything from an old bucket to a specialized compost bin that you can purchase online or at your local garden center.

To create good quality compost, you’ll want to mix “browns” (such as dried leaves, wood chips, or sawdust) with “greens” (like fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, eggshells, and grass clippings). Turning the mixture regularly helps aerate the compost and speeds up the decomposition process.

Composting Tips 

Some tips are;

How to Make Compost at Home for Gardening?
  1. There are a few foods you cannot compost

Some foods can attract pests, produce unpleasant smells, or slow decomposition. Knowing what foods to avoid in your compost bin can help ensure that you have healthy and productive.

One food that should never be added to your compost bin is meat and dairy products. These products take longer to decompose and can attract unwanted animals like rats or raccoons. Meat and dairy can produce unpleasant odors as they break down, making working with your compost pile difficult.

  1. Dry scraps will also be needed

Dry scraps are also an important component of composting.

Dry scraps include leaves, straws, sawdust, and shredded paper. These items provide carbon to balance out the nitrogen-rich green waste in your compost pile. Without enough carbon, the pile can become too wet and smelly.

To use dry scraps in your compost pile, layer them with your green waste. Aim for a ratio of about 3 brown (dry) materials to 1 green material. Keep the pile moist but not waterlogged, and turn it regularly to promote even decomposition. With the right mix of materials and patience, you’ll soon have rich compost to nourish your garden plants!

3. Good drainage and aeration are also important

Good drainage and aeration are essential components of successful composting. The compost pile can become waterlogged without proper drainage, leading to anaerobic conditions that produce unpleasant smells and slow decomposition.

Placing your compost bin or pile on a raised bed or platform is recommended to ensure good drainage. This will allow excess moisture to drain away easily and prevent standing water from accumulating around the base of your heap. Adding layers of coarse materials, such as twigs or straw, at the bottom of the pile can help improve airflow and promote drainage by creating channels for water to flow through.

Common Composting Mistakes To Avoid

Many people make common mistakes that can hinder the composting process. Here are some of the most common composting mistakes to avoid.

Mistake 1 # Have Only 1 Pile or 1 Bin

One of the most significant errors people make is having more than one compost pile or bin. It might seem like a good idea to have multiple bins so you can rotate them and always have fresh compost, but in reality, this approach can be counterproductive.

You’re likely to spread your resources too thin when you have more than one pile or bin. The bacteria and fungi that break down organic material need space and time to do their job correctly. If you divide your waste between two or three piles, each one will be smaller, and there won’t be enough microbes to sustain an efficient decomposition process in any of them.

Mistake 2# Incorrect Balance of Browns and Greens

Errors people make are an incorrect balance of browns and greens in their compost pile. Browns include dried leaves, straws, and shredded paper, while greens include food scraps, grass clippings, and fresh weeds.

If you have too many browns, it will be dry and won’t break down quickly enough. On the other hand, if there are too many greens present, the pile will become slimy and smelly due to excess moisture. Aim for a ratio of 3:1 (browns: greens) by weight or volume to achieve a proper balance between browns and greens.

Mistake 3# Using the Wrong Materials for Compost

Avoid adding meat, dairy products, or oily foods, which attract rodents and other pests. Do not add pet waste or human feces to your compost pile, as they contain harmful bacteria and pathogens that can contaminate your soil and crops. Avoid using weed seeds or diseased plant material in your compost pile, as it can spread weeds and diseases throughout your garden.

Mistake 4# Too Much or Too Little Water

Adding too much water to your compost mass can create anaerobic conditions that lead to bad odors and slow decomposition. The excess water can also cause leaching of nutrients from the pile, which means you won’t end up with as rich of a soil amendment as you could have had. If you don’t add enough water, your compost may dry out and become unproductive. Your compost should be moist but not soaking wet.

Mistake 6# Do Not Aerate

Aerating the compost pile is essential because it helps introduce oxygen into the mixture, encouraging beneficial bacteria to break down organic matter quickly. The compost can become compacted and stagnant without proper aeration, leading to unpleasant odors and slow decomposition rates. Turning or mixing your compost pile regularly with a pitchfork or shovel is important to ensure that air can circulate properly.


How to Make Compost at Home for Gardening? is an easy and cost-effective way to enhance your garden’s soil health. Following the steps outlined in this article, you can turn your kitchen waste and yard debris into a nutrient-rich fertilizer that will benefit your plants. To balance the ratio of greens and browns, keep the pile moist but not too wet, and turn it regularly to ensure proper decomposition. With a little patience and effort, you can create a thriving compost mound that will nourish your garden for years. So why not start today? Your plants will thank you!

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I compost my plants?

Composting your plants is an easy way to improve their health and increase the potency of their fertilizer. Mix a small amount of organic matter (turf, leaves, flowers, etc.) with potting soil or other composting material. Use a shovel to spread the mixture evenly among your plants’ roots, and then let them sit for at least six weeks to work through the layers of materials.

How do I know if my compost is working well?

There are a few things to check to determine if your compost works well. The most important thing to do is to monitor the pile size and quality. If the pile is small or if the quality is poor, your compost may not be effective.

How can I start composting my yard?

You can start composting your yard by creating a pile of leaves, grass, and other organic materials in a sunny location. You can then use the compost to make fertilizer, mulch, and other objects.

What are the best ingredients to use for composting?

Many different ingredients can be used for composting, but some of the most popular ones include leaves, flowers, fruit, and bark.

Maria Khan