Vertical Gardening | Best Guide

Vertical gardening is a modern and innovative approach to growing plants that maximizes space utilization by using vertical surfaces. This method has gained widespread popularity recently, especially in urban areas with limited space for conventional gardening. In a world where green spaces are scarce and natural resources are dwindling, it offers an eco-friendly solution that beautifies the environment and provides fresh produce.

With its unique ability to accommodate different types of plants, including fruits, vegetables, herbs, and flowers, vertical gardening has become an attractive option for those looking to create sustainable gardens that require minimal maintenance while maximizing productivity. This article will look into what vertical gardening is all about and explore its benefits.

History of Vertical Gardening

The history of Vertical Gardening dates back to ancient civilizations when it was used as a reliable source of food production. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, was an excellent example of vertical gardens created during this period. Nebuchadnezzar II built these gardens as a gift to his wife. She missed her homeland with lush vegetation and greenery covering towering multi-level terraces constructed from mud bricks reinforced with reeds.

Why Should You Try Vertical Gardening?

Vertical Gardening

Vertical gardening is rapidly becoming a popular alternative for many as it offers numerous benefits.

Save Space: You can grow plants vertically using trellises, hanging baskets, or wall-mounted containers, so you don’t need a huge backyard to enjoy the benefits of gardening. This makes it perfect for urban dwellers living in apartments with limited outdoor space.

Cost-effective: Traditional horizontal gardens require large amounts of soil and water to maintain healthy plant growth. In contrast, vertical gardens use minimal soil and water due to their unique design. With vertical gardening techniques such as hydroponics and aeroponics, you can grow vegetables and herbs without soil! This saves money on buying soil and reduces your water usage bills considerably.

Save Water: It uses less water than conventional gardens, making it an excellent choice for those who want to conserve water in their home.

Reduce fertilizer: It also reduces the amount of fertilizer that runs into lakes and rivers. This runoff is a significant environmental problem because it causes algae blooms and other issues that harm aquatic life. By reducing the fertilizer needed for your garden with vertical gardening techniques, you are doing your part to protect the environment and keep our waterways clean.

Where to Grow a Vertical Garden?

Vertical Gardening
  • Balconies: Vertical gardens can be easily installed on patios, especially with limited floor space. This allows apartment dwellers to enjoy the benefits of gardening without requiring a large outdoor area.
  • Backyard Fences: Utilizing the vertical space on backyard fences is an excellent way to grow a garden while saving precious ground space. It adds a beautiful aesthetic appeal to the wall while providing a functional purpose.
  • Rooftops: Rooftop gardens are becoming increasingly popular in urban areas, as they maximize unused space and help decrease air pollutants. Vertical rooftop gardening creates green spaces that provide insulation and mitigate the heat island effect.
  • Indoor Spaces: Vertical gardens can also thrive indoors, allowing individuals with limited or no outdoor areas to cultivate plants. Whether using wall-mounted planters or freestanding structures, vertical gardens bring life and freshness into homes and offices.
  • Community Gardens: Vertical gardening in community gardens enables multiple members to share limited ground space effectively. These collaborative projects foster social interaction and encourage people from diverse backgrounds to unite through their love for nature and plants.
  • Restaurants and Cafes: Installing a vertical garden in restaurants or cafe spaces offers various advantages. It adds a unique design element that captivates customers and can supply fresh herbs or vegetables in their culinary creations.
  • Public Spaces: Parks, plazas, or other public areas can greatly benefit from vertical gardens as they contribute to urban greening efforts. These installations enhance the beauty of such spaces while promoting biodiversity and creating more pleasant environments for visitors.

Seeds or Seedlings?

Regarding vertical gardening, there are two main methods of getting started: seedlings or seeds.

Seedlings are young plants already created by someone else and are ready for transplanting. Grains require more patience and care but offer various plant options. If you’re new to gardening, starting with seedlings might be the better option. They are often easier to care for since they have already established root systems and can handle some stress from being transplanted. Plus, you’ll have a head start on your garden since they’ve already been growing for a few weeks or months before you bring them home.

Seeds offer a more comprehensive range of plant options that may not be available as seedlings. They also give you the satisfaction of watching your plants grow from tiny sprouts into mature plants over time.

Growing Media Options for Vertical Gardening


Vermiculite is a popular choice for vertical gardening because of its unique qualities. This inert material is made from heated mica and retains moisture, making it an ideal plant-growing medium. It’s also lightweight so that it won’t weigh down the structure of your vertical garden. Vermiculite has a neutral pH that won’t affect the acidity or alkalinity of your soil.

Using vermiculite in vertical gardening is its ability to retain nutrients. Because it holds onto moisture, this material can help keep your plants hydrated and nourished even in dry conditions. When part of a growing mix, vermiculite can improve drainage and air circulation around plant roots. Its fine texture makes it easy to work with when filling planters or pots in tight spaces like walls or balconies.


Perlite is a popular growing medium option for vertical gardening. This material is made from volcanic glass that expands when heated in a kiln at high temperatures, up to 2000 F. The resulting product increases air spaces within the soil, allowing better drainage and increased oxygen flow to plant roots.

Using perlite as a growing medium is its lightweight nature. This makes it an ideal choice for vertical gardening systems where weight can be an issue. Perlite has excellent moisture retention properties, allowing excess water to drain quickly. This helps prevent over-watering and root rot, which can be common problems in vertical gardens due to limited space and the potential for water accumulation. Overall, perlite provides a versatile solution to improve plant growth and health in any vertical garden setup.

Coco coir

Due to its excellent drainage properties, Coco coir is gaining popularity as a growing medium in vertical gardening setups. Derived from the outer husks of coconuts, this naturally occurring fibre provides a sustainable and eco-friendly alternative to traditional soil-based media. Its porous structure allows for optimal water retention and ample oxygenation to plant roots.

For hydroponic systems, coco coir is an ideal choice as it can be used in both media-based and nutrient film techniques. It can also be mixed with other materials, such as perlite or vermiculite, to create a customized blend that meets specific plant needs. Coco coir has natural anti-fungal properties that help prevent root rot and other diseases commonly associated with hydroponic setups. Coco coir offers numerous benefits for those seeking sustainable growing media options for vertical gardens.

Hanging the Installation

Vertical Gardening

Hanging the installation of plants inside your home is one of the most common ways to incorporate greenery into your living space. Hanging pots and baskets can be suspended from ceilings or walls, adding a touch of nature to any room. Being aesthetically pleasing, hanging plants have numerous health benefits, such as improving air quality and reducing stress.

Another popular location for vertical gardening is on balconies or patios. With limited space in urban areas, vertical gardens allow individuals to maximize their outdoor living areas by using walls and fences as planting surfaces. There are countless possibilities for creating a beautiful and functional garden in a small space, from herbs and vegetables to flowers and succulents.

No matter where you choose to hang your plants or establish your vertical garden, it’s essential to consider factors such as sunlight exposure, soil quality, and watering needs.

How Much Water Does a Wall Garden Need?

Vertical Gardening

Many gardeners ask one common question: “How much water does a walled garden need?” The simple answer is that it depends on several factors.

The type of plant being grown.

The type of plant being grown plays a crucial role in determining how much water it needs and how often it should be watered. Plants commonly used in wall gardens include succulents, ferns, herbs, and flowering plants.

Succulents like cacti and aloe vera require less water than other plants because they store moisture in their leaves and stems. They can go for weeks without being watered and prefer well-draining soil that doesn’t retain too much moisture. Ferns need more frequent watering as they thrive in moist environments. They do not tolerate dryness well and require high humidity levels to thrive.

The season in which you are growing your vertical garden

The season in which you are growing your vertical garden can significantly impact its success. Wall gardens need water, but how much they depend on it varies with the season. During spring and summer, when temperatures are higher and rainfall is more frequent, plants require more water than in fall and winter.

Monitoring your wall garden’s moisture levels closely is essential in the warmer months. You may need to water your plants several times weekly to ensure they receive enough hydration to thrive. In contrast, during the colder seasons, you’ll likely only need to water once or twice weekly since less evaporation is due to lower temperatures.

It’s also important to consider how much sunlight your wall garden receives during different seasons. As summer approaches and days get longer, most vertical gardens will receive ample sunshine for growth.

The climate conditions

The amount of water needed for a walled garden will depend on the climate conditions in your area.
In hot and dry climates, wall gardens must be watered more often than in more excellent areas. This is because the heat can cause evaporation, and plants lose moisture faster than usual. Some plants may need watering twice daily during summer months to ensure they stay alive.

In areas with high humidity or frequent rainfall, you may not need to water your wall garden as frequently. Over-watering can harm plants by causing root rot and mould growth. Monitoring your wall garden regularly and adjusting watering frequency based on changes in weather patterns or individual plant needs is essential.

How Much Sunlight Do Vertical Gardens Need?

Knowing how much sunlight your garden needs is crucial to ensuring healthy plant growth. While there are general guidelines on how much sun a particular plant type requires, it’s important to remember that each garden is unique. The best way to determine your garden’s sun needs is by observing the plants themselves.

One sign that your plants may not get enough sunlight is if their leaves turn pale or yellowish and fall off. This is because chlorophyll, which gives leaves their green color and helps them produce energy through photosynthesis, needs sufficient light to function correctly. If you notice this happening in your garden, consider moving your plants to an area where they will receive more direct sunlight.

If you notice that some of your plants have scorched or burned leaves, it could indicate they are receiving too much direct sunlight.

Benefits Of Vertical Gardening

Here are some benefits of vertical gardening:

  • Space-saving: Vertical gardening allows you to use limited space, making it perfect for those who live in urban areas or those with limited outdoor space.
  • Healthier plants: Plants grown vertically have better air circulation and are less prone to disease and pests.
  • Aesthetically pleasing: Vertical gardens can be used as a decorative element in any indoor or outdoor setting, adding life and color to dull walls.
  • Increased crop yield: Vertical gardens can produce higher results than traditional gardens due to their efficient use of space and sunlight.
  • Accessibility: Vertical gardens can be designed at an accessible height for people with disabilities or mobility issues.

Vertical Gardening For Beginners

Here are some tips for beginners who want to try vertical gardening:

  • Choose the right location: You can create a vertical garden indoors or outdoors, depending on the type of plant you want to grow. If you’re planning an indoor garden, choose a wall with plenty of sunlight throughout the day.
  • Pick the right plants: Not all plants are suitable for vertical gardens. Choose lightweight plants that don’t require deep soil, like herbs or succulents.
  • Consider irrigation: Plants grown vertically need more water than those produced horizontally. Ensure your irrigation system is adequate and doesn’t cause damage to your walls.

Wrap Up

Vertical gardening is a great way to maximize limited space while contributing to sustainability efforts. It allows cultivating various plants, from herbs and vegetables to flowers and succulents. With the right tools and techniques, anyone can start their vertical garden and enjoy the benefits of fresh produce and greenery in their home or community. As we face environmental challenges, we must explore innovative solutions such as vertical gardening to create a more sustainable future for ourselves and the planet. So why not give it a try? Start your vertical garden today!

Frequently Asked Questions

What do you plant in a vertical garden?

Vertical gardens can be planted with various plants, depending on the gardener’s preferences and the climate in which they are located. Some common plants that can be grown in a vertical garden include tomatoes, peppers, herbs, and flowers.

Maria Khan