What is a Chicken Tractor?

What is a Chicken Tractor? If you’ve never heard of this term, don’t worry – you’re not alone. Initially, the concept may sound unusual, but it has gained popularity among small-scale farmers and backyard chicken enthusiasts. A chicken tractor is a portable coop that allows chickens to graze on fresh grass while protecting them from predators. This innovative approach to raising poultry offers numerous benefits for birds and their keepers. It is an intriguing option for those looking to integrate chickens into their sustainable farming practices or add feathered companions to their homestead.

What is a Chicken Tractor?

Chicken tractors are mobile chicken coops that do not have a floor. Their design can vary, but the primary purpose is to allow chickens to scratch the soil like a plow. Chickens can find seeds, sprouts, bugs, and other treats while scratching the soil. The tractor can be moved every few days to provide fresh pasture space for the chickens. This continuous movement ensures that the flock has access to different grazing areas.

They suit egg-laying chickens, offering them a comfortable and safe environment. These coops help prevent overgrazing in one particular area by allowing chickens to rotate their location constantly. The mobile nature of chicken tractors also assists in waste management as droppings are spread across different regions instead of accumulating in one spot. By interacting with other sections of soil, chickens contribute to natural fertilization and pest control.

Benefits of Chicken Tractors.

Here are some benefits of chicken tractors:

Healthier Diet for Birds—and You!

Chickens raised on pasture consume more food than pre-made feed. They actively forage for protein-rich bugs and seeds in the grass—this natural diet results in healthier birds with improved overall well-being. The nutritional benefits of this raw diet are passed on to consumers through nutrient-rich eggs or meat.

Pasture-raised chickens have a lower risk of diseases and require minimal antibiotics, promoting safer food consumption. The high quality of their eggs or meat increases enjoyment and satisfaction for consumers. Pasture feeding reduces the need for expensive pre-made feeds, thus decreasing overall feed costs.

The reduced reliance on commercial feed aids in sustainable farming practices and efforts to minimize environmental impacts. Providing chickens access to pasture supports their behavioral needs by allowing them to engage in instincts like pecking and scratching. Raising chickens on pasture contributes to animal welfare as they can freely roam in open spaces, contributing to their physical and mental health.

Boosts Soil Health

Keeping birds on pasture in your backyard offers numerous benefits. Chicken manure is a rich source of nitrogen, which acts as a natural fertilizer and promotes the growth of green foliage. Birds have a natural inclination to scratch up the ground, which helps aerate the soil and disperse their droppings, further enriching it with necessary nutrients. The frequent movement of the tractor for keeping birds on pasture ensures that the soil is not overloaded or damaged.

Regularly shifting the birds’ location also prevents excessive accumulation of waste and odor in one area of the yard. By foraging on pasture, birds can supplement their diet with insects, worms, and other natural food sources, resulting in healthier chickens and potentially higher-quality eggs or meat. The presence of birds on the pasture adds life and activity to your backyard, enhancing its overall aesthetic appeal.

With birds roaming freely outside, their natural behaviors contribute to a more sustainable pest control system by reducing populations of pests like slugs or snails. Allowing birds access to pasture promotes their overall well-being by giving them space to exercise, exhibit natural behaviors, and enjoy fresh air and sunshine. Keeping birds on pasture can provide an educational opportunity for children or visitors to observe and appreciate these animals’ interactions with nature.

Protects Chickens from Predators

Chickens are highly sought after by predators like foxes, coyotes, raccoons, and even birds of prey. These natural hunters can significantly threaten your flock’s safety if left unprotected. By implementing certain precautions, such as using chicken tractors, you can mitigate these risks and ensure the well-being of your feathery friends.

A chicken tractor allows chickens to graze on fresh pastures while keeping them safe from predators. It consists of a small sheltered area for roosting and nesting and an open-bottomed enclosure that restricts their access to the outside world. The portability factor also enables you to move the tractor around regularly, allowing the chickens continuous access to fresh grass without overgrazing or exposing them to danger.

Chicken Pest Populations

Chickens are natural foragers with keen eyes for spotting and consuming insects. By allowing chickens to roam freely in the garden, they can actively control pest populations by eating insects that would otherwise damage plants or trees. Chickens also scratch at the soil surface, which disrupts pest habitats and prevents them from multiplying.

Their constant movement and scratching help aerate the soil, improving its quality and promoting healthier plant growth. Chickens produce manure as they forage, natural fertilizer for the garden or orchard. The presence of chickens also helps deter larger pests like rodents or rabbits that may threaten crops. Integrating chickens into agricultural practices is a sustainable and eco-friendly approach to pest management. This method reduces reliance on chemical pesticides and creates a symbiotic relationship between chickens and gardens/orchards.

Chicken Tractor Features


To maintain their intended purpose, Chicken tractors must be easy to move around. – If they are designed to remain stationary, they become indistinguishable from ordinary chicken coops. The flexibility of relocating a chicken tractor provides various benefits for the chickens and the farm owners or gardeners. To enhance portability, chicken tractors can be constructed with skids or wheels attached to allow transportation across different areas of a property.

Only two wheels on one end are usually sufficient for efficient movement, making four wheels unnecessary. This design ensures the chickens regularly access fresh ground, allowing them to enjoy new foraging opportunities and a diverse diet. By frequently moving the chicken tractor around, the hens can naturally fertilize different sections of the land, promoting soil fertility and plant growth. Portable chicken tractors enable farmers or gardeners to strategically rotate their flock throughout other parts of their property based on weather conditions and available resources.

Adequate Space

Chickens need adequate space to move around freely without feeling crowded. A recommended guideline is to provide a minimum of four square feet per egg-laying chicken and two square feet for meat chickens. This space allocation allows the chickens to have room for scratching, pecking, and dust bathing, contributing to their physical and mental well-being. Overcrowding can lead to stress, aggression, and increased risk of disease transmission among the flock.

Enough roosts should be available for all the chickens to perch during sleep comfortably. Roosting gives them a sense of security and helps prevent injuries from being on the ground. Nesting boxes are essential for raising egg layers since they provide a designated space for hens to lay their eggs. These boxes should ensure privacy, darkness, and cleanliness—the ideal conditions encouraging hens to lay eggs consistently.

Adequate consideration must also be given to ventilation within the chicken coop or enclosure, as fresh air intake is crucial for maintaining good respiratory health among the birds. Monitoring the overall health and behavior of the flock regularly will help ensure they have sufficient space and resources for their natural behaviors.

Access to the Ground

Chicken tractors are commonly designed without a floor, allowing the chickens to access the pasture beneath them freely. This design enables the birds to forage on grass, bugs, and other natural food sources in the surrounding area. It allows them to spread their manure across different sections of the pasture, which can benefit soil fertility.

The absence of a floor also contributes to minimizing coop cleanup tasks for chicken owners. With direct access to the ground, chickens can engage in natural behaviors such as scratching and dust bathing. Foraging helps fulfill their nutritional needs as they consume various plants and insects found in the pasture.

Protection from Predators and the Elements

A critical feature that chicken tractors should incorporate is an enclosed box to provide a haven for the birds. This box will protect the chickens from excessive sunlight, allowing them to take refuge and escape potential heat-related stress. This enclosed area will also serve as a sanctuary from predators like hawks and coyotes, ensuring the birds’ safety.

The box should be strategically positioned within the chicken tractor to allow easy access while protecting the chickens. To prevent any escapes or intrusions from bird eaters, it is imperative to construct the perimeter of the chicken tractor using sturdy and reliable chicken wire. Chicken wire is a barrier that keeps the chickens securely inside while preventing any external threats from entering.

Using chicken wire ensures proper airflow within the chicken tractor, maintaining air circulation and minimizing unpleasant odors caused by overcrowding. Proper ventilation reduces moisture build-up and prevents conditions that favor bacterial growth or diseases among the chickens.


A chicken tractor is a versatile and sustainable method of raising chickens. It allows for natural foraging and fertilization while protecting the birds from predators. This mobile coop offers numerous benefits, such as reducing feed costs, improving soil quality, and providing fresh eggs and meat. Whether you have a large backyard or live on a small urban plot, a chicken tractor can be customized to fit your needs. So why wait? Consider building or purchasing a chicken tractor today and start reaping the rewards of this innovative and efficient poultry farming method.

Frequently Asked Questions

What’s the purpose of a chicken tractor?

The primary purpose of a chicken tractor is to improve soil fertility by allowing the chickens to fertilize naturally and till the land with their scratching behavior.

What is another name for a chicken tractor?

Another name for a chicken tractor is an ark. This term signifies its ability to provide shelter and protection for chickens.

Maria Khan